负债养100只猫的上海女人

时间:2019-07-30 来源:www.saisaisai.com

RVhGQSiGQA1qPh

One

In October 2018, when I was in a street in Shanghai, I met a small, old lady. She was kneeling on the ground to prepare cat food, and it was hard for me to not notice her. The stray cat circled her in the middle.

I was attracted by the scene of Cat Bobcat Sea, staring at her for a long time, until she noticed, turned her head and found me, and asked me: "Do you like cats? Catch one back." Later, I met again and again. Several times she was feeding the cat and she knew that she was Zhang Xiaotao.

Zhang Xiaotao, 69, is always in a hurry when he walks. She looks ordinary, her head is very small, she keeps a short black hair, often wears a plain collar shirt, the style that is not fashionable on the market, and she is not in the market crowd.

Counting, Zhang Xiaotao has been feeding cats here for 10 years. This street park is less than half a football field. She also has dozens of cats in the vicinity of the company and at home. The total number of cats is nearly zero. She feeds nearly 100 stray cats.

Shanghai is the city with the most cats in China. The citizens are full of love for this soft and cute animal. According to the data, one-sixteenth of the country's cats are in Shanghai. In this mega city, the cat fills the gaps in people's hearts and is accompanied by prosperity. However, the changes brought about by the fast-paced urban life have caused many cats to lose their shelter. Zhang Xiaotao's cats are all abandoned or wild.

Zhang Xiaotao is not the only cat-loving person in the city. Many people like her are living in the gaps in these cities. A middle-aged woman who feeds cats with chicken said that Zhang Xiaotao is very serious. "It’s like we used to work."

"Everyone has their own 'cat', maybe a book, or something else." A nearby neighborhood heard that I was recording the story of Zhang Xiaotao. He told me that the cat is a kind of obsession with Zhang Xiaotao. Representing what she is worried about, but impossible to completely fill.

xx养猫养了10年,张小涛还没去过上海。她是上海人,性格安静,不喜欢四处走动。我的兄弟姐妹住在这个城市。张小涛平日很少去看他们。在退休时结交朋友的姐妹一个接一个地退休了。其他人经常到全国各地旅行。只有张小涛不想出门。她需要喂猫。

RVhGQTFCZAxeyC

张小涛离开上海。从18岁到28岁,她的最佳年龄与受过教育的年轻人相遇并下乡。张小涛跳入安徽,先在大山工作,然后搬到县里的国有工厂,在流水线上担任女工。当她回到上海回到上海时,她已经是一个大女孩了。

今天,她再也不会离开上海,超过100只流浪猫将她绑在城里。上海放逐了猫,让它们四处闲逛,她决定做点什么。

两个

1968年,这是中国城市青年下乡潮流的开始。之后,超过60万名年轻人被派往上海出城,他们被转移到江西,安徽,云南,黑龙江等地接受农民的“再教育”。

“我赶上了红色。”张小涛说。那一年,张小涛从高中毕业后被浪潮送到了安徽农村。

蝴蝶舔了翅膀,抹去了张小涛的原始命运:她应该在去年高中毕业,离开上海的命运去世了。

大多数比她高一年的高中毕业的学生被分配到上海工作,最不幸的是,他们还住在上海,住在城市生活中。张小涛可以看到这一点,她的时钟只延迟了一年,她的命运走了另一条道路。

1968年夏天,张小涛带着十几名女性受过教育的青年去了合肥。之后,他把公共汽车转移到了农村被砍伐的深山。他走过深山丛林,成为山区深处的绿色教育家。起初,张小涛哭了半个多月。她讨厌那里的闭塞。村民们很简单,但她的眼睛却一无所知:“他们甚至不知道煤球,我想,我会带着煤球从上海带回来。”

在安徽的农村地区,她成了一个没有生存技能的人。她每天都在努力工作,她不知道如何耕种,她甚至不学会承担负担,而她的工作远远不够。那段时间,张小涛给家人写了一封信,他说了几句话。最重要的是要钱:“每份工作只有一根头发。在工作日从农民和供销合作社购买鸡蛋和豆腐是不够的。”家庭提供,她绝对不会继续。

到1972年,张小涛被县内的一家军工厂选中,生产队被调到机械车间的女工。虽然工厂也在山区,但它是一个大型单位,在整个工厂拥有1000多名员工,这使得生产团队中的知识青年羡慕。宿舍里的四个妹妹特意从村里坐车到工厂看她,并在她的新宿舍住了一晚。张小涛招待他们去食堂吃饭。

经过短暂的欢乐,张小涛日复一日地重返工作岗位。薄而薄,她在白天与笨重的模具一起工作,当她更换磨损的轮子时,她手上拿着超过20公斤的材料时不小心扭伤了她的腰部。腰部受伤很长时间没有愈合,工厂只能调整她做一项艰苦的工作。电话调度员还同意申请病假返回上海接受治疗。

回到上海,张小涛知道这个20公里的砂轮使她的腰椎间盘突出并压迫神经末梢,左小腿的肌肉显示出萎缩的迹象。

At that time, the world was quietly changing. After the policy was loosened, several small sisters of the commune returned to Shanghai as educated youth, and found units in Shanghai to go down and work. Different from Zhang Xiaotao, she was already employed as a worker when she entered the factory. When she wants to go back to Shanghai, she can only return to the countryside to restore her intellectual status, or she is waiting for retirement in the unit.

No one taught Zhang Xiaotao how to do it. Returning to the educated youth and returning to Shanghai, the operation time is long. I am afraid that the night dreams are long: "If you don't work well, you will not only lose your job, but you will have to spend the rest of your life in the commune of Anhui." And decided not to move.

Seeing the same-aged people who stayed in Shanghai at the beginning, the little sisters who applied to return to Shanghai from 1974 to 1975, and the brothers and sisters in the family all had their own careers in Shanghai. Zhang Xiaotao gradually changed his mind. Hope of returning to his hometown of Shanghai渺茫. She began to delay the sick leave and did not want to go back to the Anhui factory. It seems that she has been in Shanghai for a long time, and she can have a similar future.

During the period, Anhui’s unit saw that she had been ill for a long time and repeatedly notified Anhui to “make a knot”. The family advised her to accept the reality and work safely in Anhui to retire. In 1978, the 28-year-old Zhang Xiaotao took the train to Anhui for the last time, and applied for a sick leave on the grounds of "physical loss of labor ability."

At the age of 28, Zhang Xiaotao became the youngest retired worker in the factory. This is the quickest and the worst way.

Three

Back in Shanghai in the ninth year, Zhang Xiaotao’s first cat appeared. In 1987, she was 37 years old and still unmarried, living with her mother, her sister and her brother. Their home is a three-story old building located at the junction of Chongqing South Road and Huaihai Middle Road. It can be found in the depths of the old alley.

Since he has already registered to retire, after returning to Shanghai, Zhang Xiaotao can no longer form a labor relationship with any unit, loses the qualification to handle five insurances and one gold, and his income has been struggling on the lowest standard line.

xx她转向市场,在小商品市场担任助手,并在邮局担任招聘人员一段时间。有一段时间,她在她家一楼的街道上开了一家店面。她和朋友一起开了一家面馆。她负责燃烧浇头,生意很好。

这只猫出现在张小涛开放式面馆的时期。它原本是一个侄女的宠物,在小女孩把它带回家后,她很快就失去了新鲜感,猫变成了可有可无的存在。最初,小猫应该被遗弃,加入上海街头的数百万只流浪猫。幸运的是,张小涛整天待在家里,小猫被交给张小涛喂食,并因为被遗弃为流浪猫的命运而去世。它还没有名字。当张小涛看到它活泼时,他把它命名为“小老虎”并接受它。

接受小猫时,张小涛处于失望状态。她爱上了一个上海男人,另一个跟她有过类似的经历,账号也滞留在场上,因为同样的事情,张小涛为他感到难过。此外,她多年没有户口,工作太多,配偶上海户口。相反,她没有任何痴迷:“我认为他脾气很好,并且会成为一名裁缝。虽然他没有工作,但他可以依靠自己的生活。

一切都很好,都有上海帐户。张小涛一一拒绝了。

这只“小老虎”出现了。面馆打鼾,人群散去。张小涛很少出门休息。 “小老虎”总是喜欢跪下并独自睡觉。知道她要烧猫粮,“小老虎”蹲在她的脚下,她很高兴。

“小老虎”总能消除张小涛的不幸。当张小涛心烦意乱时,会焦急地对女主人大喊大叫。 “我也忘记了,因为当时我并不开心。但是当我看到这只猫时,我感觉好多了。”张小涛说。

当张小涛40岁时,搁浅的婚姻就被搁置了。母亲终于同意张小涛将嫁给没有住所的上海男子。 1999年,三层小楼的地块被拆除,张小涛关闭了面馆,并作为承包商前往邮局多年。直到69岁,她仍在工作。

张小涛在档案中,她28岁退休,她的工作年龄停留了9年。这远远不是上海养老保险的最低支付期,许多医疗保险内容与她无关。她与上海的关系仍然太浅薄。

RVhGQTc2ozPBCY

张小涛的家距离公园不到500米。这是一个公共住房,面积不大,厨房开放,浴室大约两平方米,浴室很小。剩下的空间分为两个紧凑的卧室。儿子住在一个稍小的房间里。张小涛和她丈夫的卧室略大。放下沙发和一张小桌子后,他们特别被迫四处走动,不小心碰到了东西。

紧凑的房子没有挤出更亲密的家庭生活。张小涛的性格微弱,而她丈夫的老张和她的儿子也是一样的。张小涛去邮局工作后,丈夫也到外地谋生。孩子长期住在张小涛姐姐的家里。

我问张小涛,他的大部分薪水都是用来养猫的,而他对孩子的想法并不多。你会有点尴尬吗?张小涛轻描淡写地回答说:“不,因为我为这个家庭工作,我不会感到尴尬。”

后来,她给了我另一个答案:“孩子和孙子有自己的孩子,孙福,我老了,以后他不能依赖我们,知道生活很艰苦,或者更好。”

2017年,张小涛的儿子从北京辞职回家,然后他每天都在房间里学习电脑绘图和造型。他说两年后他将回到北京谋生。现在两年过去了,这对夫妇没有问过。

在晚餐时间,儿子独自在房间里吃饭,这对夫妇正在起居室的一张小桌子上吃饭。没有沟通。张小涛经常在用平板电脑查看各种猫群和救援组的信息时吃东西。她不时地放下筷子并打字回复。

与采用的七只猫相比,丈夫和儿子更像是外人。

每个工作日上午11点左右,张小涛从家里出来,到街上等公交车到单位。

张小涛下车的地方离黄浦江不远。这是一幢在20世纪90年代建成的公寓楼,看起来有些不景气。现在,张小涛是二楼证券公司的清洁人员。

庭院式过道连接。在过去,张小涛在露台上收养了许多流浪猫。当时,业务的表现,证券公司的食堂经常留下剩菜,张小涛觉得白白浪费,他们试图迎接附近的流浪猫吃饭。

事实上,招募流浪猫不是太费劲。上海的街道大多是无人看管的流浪猫。他们在这个城市最被忽视的地方徘徊,他们长期处于饥饿,疾病和无所有权的状态。长期以来,上海一直在努力平衡城市与大量流浪猫狗之间的关系。

张小涛接管了100多只流浪猫。起初,在每个工作日的晚上,猫从下水道进入证券公司所在的大楼,吃猫粮,避风雨,在这里睡觉。有一只猫患有口腔炎。张小涛特意离开办公室走了过道。下班后,他离开了一扇窗户。晚上,猫跳进了睡眠,白天偷偷溜出来。

当你问张小涛关于喂猫的原因时,她只会告诉你:“我不想让猫吃。”为此,她坚持从月薪中存钱,每20斤猫买99元。食物,在街上喂养这些无人居住的宠物。她记得这个法案。她每月需要花掉230磅左右的猫粮,花费近1140元。今年夏天,张小涛再次打电话给她的妹妹,问她是否可以每月给她200元:“嘿,喂猫。钱还不够,你会被视为功德。”姐姐同意了。

即使在证券公司的表现缓慢且食堂被取消之后,张小涛仍然无法在没有所有者的情况下离开这些动物。对她而言,它们不仅仅是消费剩菜的工具。没有更多的动物像这些流浪猫一样适合她生命的前半部分。

他们的主人在上海的城市化进程中不断搬迁。当人类要保持体面的自我照顾时,许多人不会考虑陪伴他们的宠物猫。因此,这些宠物已经成为城市的一部分,在上海城市化进程中牺牲了。

RVhGQTv1B3bYDK

每隔一段时间,公园草地上就会有一只小奶猫,流浪猫将重生。

为了减少这些新生儿的出生,近年来,张小涛开始自费携带流浪猫进行绝育。然而,与自然繁殖和人工放弃的速度相比,张小涛的绝育计划与西西弗的移动石头一样无用。

张小涛最怕打在路边放一个纸箱。多年来,她知道大多数人都放弃了宠物,最终他们成了流浪猫狗。

有一天,张小涛在公园里拿了一个纸箱,这只是一只“物种猫”。她无法弄清楚为什么这样的猫会被遗弃。我只觉得这个小小的美女很短暂,没有希望住在街上。我拿着盒子问街上的店主和路人:你想收养这个小盒子吗?猫?

这家人希望她不要在流浪猫身上花太多心思。她周围的人改变了她的方式来阻止她。那个路过的陌生老人看到她很难喂猫并且关心她:“我必须照顾好自己的身体。”张小涛受到欢迎。说:“别担心!”在安徽一起去农村的姐妹说,张小涛在流浪猫身上找到了安慰。

研究佛陀的朋友警告她:“离猫流浪者太近了,我将来会去畜牧业。”张小涛不知道如何以这种方式生活。如何通过喂养它们,喂养这些猫,做好事,以及可能在下一个生命中出生在一个好家庭中来获得美好生活。

最后,她在咖啡店找到了珍贵猫的主人。 “终于救了一个,”张小涛说。她经常记得把这只经过命运的小猫挂在身边。每次我经过咖啡店,我都会在店里看看。

*在这篇文章中,张小涛是化名

-END -

作者赵静怡